男奴系列

3.0

主演:Andrei 陈静 Ed 尾美利德 Asavanond 

导演:赵佳 聂玫 

男奴系列高速云m3u8

男奴系列高速云

男奴系列剧情介绍

瞬息,那片生机无限茂盛的森林之处,留下的是一片光秃秃的深深凹陷下去的巨坑……“额……”“你这是拿进那虚无中?”生命古树远远地忽然问道。男奴系列“么?”男奴系列“虚无?”雪衣一愣,摇了摇头,“不是,那是详情

苏格兰玛丽女王书虫主要内容是什么?

Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587) was Queen of Scots from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. She was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V. She was six days old when her father died and made her Queen of Scots. Her mother, Mary of Guise, assumed regency and her daughter was crowned nine months later.In 1558, she married Francis, Dauphin of France, who ascended the French throne as Francis II in 1559. However, Mary was not Queen of France for long; she was widowed on 5 December 1560.After her husband's death, Mary returned to Scotland, arriving in Leith on 19 August 1561. Four years later, she married her first cousin, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. Their union was unhappy and in February 1567, Darnley was found dead in the garden at Kirk o'Field, after a huge explosion in the house.She soon married James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell, who was generally believed to be Darnley's murderer. Following an uprising against the couple, Mary was imprisoned in Loch Leven Castle on 15 June and forced to abdicate the throne in favour of her one-year-old son, James VI. After an unsuccessful attempt to regain the throne, Mary fled to England seeking protection from her father's first cousin, Queen Elizabeth I, whose kingdom she hoped to inherit. Elizabeth, however, ordered her arrest, because of the threat presented by Mary, who was considered the rightful ruler of England by many English Catholics.After a long period of custody in England, she was tried and executed for treason following her alleged involvement in three plots to assassinate Elizabeth and place herself on the English throne.



伊丽莎白女王和玛丽女王的区别

在英国历史上有三位玛丽女王。前两位分别是英格兰女王玛丽一世和玛丽二世,第三位是苏格兰女王玛丽-斯图亚特。玛丽一世英国伊丽莎白一世女王的姐姐,亨利八世的长女,人称“血腥玛丽”。1553~1558年在位,成长于欧洲宗教改革的汹涌大潮之中,其时英国也成为天主教和新教进行殊死搏杀的场所。她的母亲凯瑟琳是一位笃信天主教的西班牙公主,而她的父亲亨利八世为了达到与她母亲离婚的目的,不惜背叛天主教,与罗马教皇决裂,并在国内扶持新教,迫害天主教徒。此后玛丽公主的命运就更为坎坷。她不被允许和母亲见面,在各种场合,她的称呼是“玛丽·都铎”小姐而不是公主,父亲对他百般排挤,她的侍女被撤换,然后她被软禁、被剥夺了一切称号,但她还是倔强的称自己为国王的合法的女儿,而不是什么私生女。这是的亨利八世十分愤怒。他取消了女儿所有可能的亲事,包括当时最强大的神圣罗马帝国皇帝查理五世(他是玛丽的表哥)和法国国王弗朗索瓦。也许由于上述的成长过程,也许源于她本人古板、固执的性格,她成为了一个死硬的天主教徒,并对新教有着刻骨的仇恨。成年后,她因为拒绝改信新教而几乎被亨利八世推上叛国的审判台,后来又与当时天主教世界的捍卫者——西班牙国王菲利普二世结婚。1553年,玛丽推翻了“九天女王”简·格雷郡主的统治,登上王位后,她立即宣布恢复天主教,并对新教徒采取了高压政策,屠杀其中的激进分子,在她统治5年中,有300余人被烧死在火刑柱上,包括那个敢于宣布她父母的婚姻为无效、她为私生女的克兰默大主教等,而被迫流亡国外的新教徒则不计其数。她终于以其暴行获得了英国人民对其“血腥玛丽”的称谓。她病死时,据说整个伦敦响起了欢庆的钟声,即位的就是她的妹妹、后来成为一代名君的伊丽莎白一世。(顺便说一下,如果一个中国皇帝只处死了300余人的话,那他绝对算不上是一个暴君,因为在中国“天子一怒,伏尸百万,血流成河”,像朱元璋每兴一次大狱就要处死上万人,仍改变不了他被认为是一个英明君主。但在欧洲标准不同,处死几百人就已经是骇人听闻的了。) 她和菲利普二世的婚姻纯粹是政治婚姻。菲利普二世对这位年长自己十二岁的表姑妈毫无兴趣,几乎根本没在英格兰居住过,那就谈不上什么后代了。所以1558年,玛丽女王死后,她的妹妹伊丽莎白公主就理所应当的成了英格兰和爱尔兰女王。

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